Three further votes also took place. The first was to add a new clause to the bill that would allow asylum to be granted to a person who is judged by a UK court to be a victim of genocide. The second was to prevent the criminalisation of a person’s ‘arrival in’ the UK, rather than their ‘entry into’ the UK (a technical but important distinction). The third adds a caveat to the government’s new rules on maritime enforcement, specifying that any maritime enforcement powers ‘must not be used in a manner or in circumstances that could endanger life at sea.’
A number of other key amendments were debated but withdrawn, so therefore did not go to a vote. The first of these related to the late submission of evidence, requiring that concessions be made for those who submit evidence late due to trauma, memory problems, shame, fear, humiliation, etc. The second concerned the NBB’s intentions to raise the standard of proof required to consider a person eligible for refugee status, making it more difficult to prove an ongoing, well-founded fear of persecution. Advocates of these amendments detail the ways in which they impact disproportionately upon women who are fleeing gender-based violence.